Essential oils are concentrated plant extracts. They are generally obtained by steam distillation from the flowers, fruits, seeds, stems, leaves, bark or roots of plants.
They are highly fragrant and volatile and are not water-soluble. They do however mix well with pressed vegetable oils which are referred to as "carrier oils", eg. olive oil, almond oil, etc. Essential oils are diluted in these carrier oils for safe application to the skin.
Essential oils potentially are antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral. They also have the ability to alter body chemistry and therapeutic responses. They need therefore to be used appropriately!
Because they contain no fatty acids, essential oils are not susceptible to rancidity like vegetable oils, but to protect them from the degenerative effects of heat, light and air, store them in tightly sealed, dark glass bottles away from any heat source. Properly stored oils can maintain their quality for years. (Citrus oils are less stable and should not be stored longer than six months after opening).
- Keep oils tightly closed and out of the reach of children.
- DO NOT use undiluted oils on your skin.
- Keep oils away from eyes and mucous membranes.
- Many oils should be used with caution or avoided during PREGNANCY.
e.g. Basil, Clary Sage, Clove, Juniper, Marjoram, Myrrh, Peppermint, Wintergreen, Cedarwood, Rosemary, Almond Bitter, Fennel, Hyssop, Rose, Sage & Thyme.
- The following oils should be avoided before exposure to the SUN: Bergamot, Grapefruit, Lemon, Lime, Orange & Tangerine.
- EPILEPTICS should avoid using the following oils: Fennel, Hyssop, Rosemary & Sage.
- Use the following oils with caution if you have HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE: Hyssop, Rosemary, Sage & Thyme.
- People who are ALLERGIC TO NUTS should avoid using those products which contain oils derived from nuts. Please check the formula on product package before use.
NB : If any sort of irritation occurs, remember the oils are not water soluble. If an essential oil gets in the eye, add one drop of pure vegetable oil to the eye. Rinsing with water doesn't work. If skin irritation occurs discontinue use and rub the area with vegetable oil.
Methods of Essential Oil use:
Use 1 to 2 drops on a tissue or handkerchief and inhale deeply. Tissue may also be inserted inside pillow case while sleeping. Or, add 4 to 6 drops of oil to a sink of hot water, cover head with towel and inhale vapours deeply through your nose.
Massage or Body Oil:
Add 8 to 10 drops of Essential Oil to 15 mls (1 tablespoon) of carrier oil and use as a body massage
Bath & Shower:
Add 8 to 10 drops to a full bath. Inhale vapors deeply while bathing. Oils will also be absorbed by the skin. While showering, add 3 drops of oil to a face cloth or sponge and rub briskly over body.
Add 5 to 6 drops of oil to a bowl of warm water. Soak cloth in water and apply to injured or sore part of the body.
Add 10 to 12 drops to every 30 mls (1 oz) of skin care product (moisturizing cream or lotion).
Add 10 to 12 drops for every 30 mls (1 oz) of hair care product.
Environmental Fragrancing (Diffuser):
Use any of the following methods : Add 3 drops of oil to well of candle - do not put directly on flame. Or, add 6 to 8 drops to water in bowl of ceramic or pottery room diffuser. May be used in a car diffuser ( 1 or 2 drops ). Add 5 drops to light bulb ring and place directly on light bulb. For a room spray, add 20 to 50 drops to 120 ml water in mister bottle and spray into room as needed.
Jacuzzi / Hot Tub:
Use 8 to 12 drops, depending on size of Jacuzzi / hot tub.
Mix 5 to 15 drops of Essential Oil with 15 mls of carrier oil or choose your personalized dilution
Approximate Measurement Guide
1ml = 25 drops
5ml = 1 teaspoonful
15 ml = 1 tablespoonful
30 ml = 1 ounce
Drops of Essential Oil
Blend with Carrier Oil or Lotion / Cream
2 - 5
1 teaspoon (5ml)
1.5 - 4%
6 - 15
1 tablespoon (15ml)
1.5 - 4%
12 - 30
1 ounce (30ml)
1.5 - 4%